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British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research

British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 15, Issue.: 11

Review Article

Alexithymia and Breast Cancer Surgery: A Systematic Review

 

Domenico De Berardis1,2,3*, Stefano Marini2,3, Felice Iasevoli3,4, Monica Mazza3,5, Alessandro Valchera3,6, Michele Fornaro3,7, Giampaolo Perna8,9,10, Laura Orsolini3,6,11, Alessandro Carano12, Gabriella Girinelli3, Federica Vellante2,3, Ilaria Matarazzo1,2,3, Nicola Serroni1, Marilde Cavuto3, Giovanni Martinotti2, Maurizio Brucchi13 and Massimo Di Giannantonio2

1Department of Mental Health, NHS, Psychiatric Service of Diagnosis and Treatment, Hospital “G. Mazzini”, ASL 4 Teramo, Italy.

2Department of Neuroscience, Imaging and Clinical Science, Chair of Psychiatry, University “G. D’Annunzio”, Chieti, Italy.

3Polyedra Clinical Group, Teramo, Italy.

4Department of Neuroscience, Laboratory of Molecular Psychiatry and Psychopharmacotherapeutics, Section of Psychiatry, University School of Medicine “Federico II”, Naples, Italy.

5Department of Health Science, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy.

6Villa S. Giuseppe Hospital, Hermanas Hospitalarias, Ascoli Piceno, Italy.

7Columbia University, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York City, NY, USA.

8Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Hermanas Hospitalarias, FoRiPsi, Villa San Benedetto Menni, Albese con Cassano, Como, Italy.

9Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, University of Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

10Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Leonard Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Florida, USA.

11School of Life and Medical Sciences, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, Herts, UK.

12Department of Mental Health, NHS, Psychiatric Service of Diagnosis and Treatment, Hospital “Madonna Del Soccorso”, A.S.U.R. 12, San Benedetto del Tronto, Italy.

13Senology Unit, Hospital “G. Mazzini”, ASL 4 Teramo, Italy.

 

Article Information
Editor(s):
(1) N. Alyautdin Renad, Chair of The Department of Pharmacology (Pharmaceutical Faculty), I. M. Sechenov MSMU, Moscow, Russia.
Reviewers:
(1) Marcela Torres Hernández, Psychiatric Hospital, CMNSXXI-IMSS, Mexico.
(2) Alicia García Falgueras, The Official College of Psychologists, Madrid, Spain.
Complete Peer review History: http://sciencedomain.org/review-history/14691

 

Abstracts

 

The term alexithymia is a complex multidimensional construct that literally means “no words for mood”. There are two kind of alexithymia: primary and secondary or otherwise called trait and state alexithymia. There is still an unresolved debate about the nature of alexithymia as a trait or a state. The etiology of alexithymia has not been completely determined because of the numerous factors influencing its development. Alexithymia has been observed among patients with a variety of psychiatric disorders and medical conditions. The aim of this systematic review was to review studies investigating the correlations between alexithymia, depression and anxiety in breast cancer surgery women. Literature search was conducted in January, 2016. PubMed and Scopus databases were used to find studies for inclusion in the systematic review. Correlations between alexithymia, depression and anxiety evidenced that alexithymia may be considered a stable personality trait and an important factor to the development of anxiety symptoms. However, limitations of these studies must be considered and further investigations are needed.

 

Keywords :

Alexithymia; breast cancer; surgery; women; state; trait; anxiety; depression.

 

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-11    Article Metrics

 

DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2016/25934

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