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British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 4, Issue.: 1 (01-10 January)


Assisted Reproduction and Cross-Border Maternal Surrogacy Regulations in Selected Nations


Raywat Deonandan1* and Andreea Bente1

1Interdisciplinary School of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Article Information


(1) Salomone Di Saverio, Emergency Surgery Unit, Department of General and Transplant Surgery, S. Orsola Malpighi University Hospital, Bologna, Italy.


(1) Mahmoud F. Fathalla, Assiut University, Egypt.

(2) Anonymous.

(3) Bernard M. Dickens, University of Toronto, Canada.

Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/2015


Aims: To ascertain the laws and policies of selected high income countries, with respect to the disposition of their citizens seeking assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) internationally.
Study Design: Literature review.
Methodology: PubMed, Scopus and Google of various ART terms with terms relating to regulations in the selected nations of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the UK, the USA, and Israel.
Results: All nations except the USA have a federal ART regulatory presence, distinguish between gestational and traditional surrogacy, and between paid and unpaid surrogacy. Policies concerning the repatriation of children produced by ART abroad vary widely.
Conclusions: Heterogeneous regulations are one of the drivers of the global reproductive tourism industry. Domestic regulations are likely affected by both the values of a specific population and the needs of the industry.

Keywords :

ART; IVF; law; reproductive tourism; adoption; repatriation; PGD; surrogacy.

Full Article - PDF    Page 225-236

DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2014/2991

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