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European Journal of Medicinal Plants, ISSN: 2231-0894,Vol.: 2, Issue.: 3 (July-September)

Original Research Article

Ethnomedicinal Study and Screening of Plants Used for Memory Enhancement and Antiaging in Sagamu, Nigeria

 

T.O. Elufioye1, A.T. Oladele2*, C.M. Cyril-Olutayo3, J.M. Agbedahunsi3 and S.A. Adesanya4

1Department of Pharmacognosy, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
2Department of Forestry and Wildlife, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
3Drug Research and Production Unit, ObafemiAwolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
4Department of Pharmacognosy, ObafemiAwolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

Abstracts

Background: The objective of this study was to carry out a comprehensive ethnomedicinal survey of plants used as memory enhancer and antiaging in Sagamu Local Government area of Ogun State in south west Nigeria.
Methodology: Semi-structured questionnaires were used to conduct interviews with traditional healers, herb sellers and other knowledgeable individuals on use of medicinal plants as memory enhancers and anti-aging. Nine communities were selected randomly for data collection across the rural and urban centers with a total of 110 informants.
Results: The informants consist of 92% males and 8% females, 60% were traditional healers, 13% herb sellers while the others were knowledgeable individuals on medicinal plants utilization. Findings revealed 41 plant genera belonging to 31 families of which 46.3%, 26.8%, 17.1% and 12.2% are trees, herbs, climbers and shrubs respectively. Leaves (58.5%) and stem bark (26.8%) are prevalent in plant parts used. Screening of commonly used plants revealed presence of alkaloids, tannins, saponins, anthraquinones, cyanogenetic and cardiac glycosides.
Conclusion: Potentials of plants commonly used by indigenous people in the study area as memory enhancer and antiaging are recommended for further pharmacological research and conservation.

Keywords :

Memory enhancement; antiaging; medicinal plants; herbal medicine; Sagamu; Nigeria.

Full Article - PDF    Page 262-275

DOI : 10.9734/EJMP/2012/1372

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